What Is A Body Corporate?
Find out what you need to know as an owner in a body corporate.
Watch our short video explaining what a body corporate is.
If you're in the market for a great Body Corporate Manager who is interested in helping you, call Deborah Higgs on:
Phone 09 968 3303 Email firstname.lastname@example.org
物业团体可以做非常多事情，但它必须做的是Unit Titles Act 2010法令规定下的事
2010年4月，国会通过了Unit Titles Act 2010法案，这一新法案在完成法规制定后于2011年6月20日起开始实行。 就像生活中大多事物一样，所有的物业团体自然也有其运作法则。许多的运作法则涵盖在Unit Titles Act 2010的法案中。而物业团体的运作法则可在业主大会上进行修订。在大会上获得同意后，便需要向新西兰土地信息局（LINZ）登记这些修订，使之被记录在您的产权中。
电话 09 968 3303 或电子邮箱 email@example.com
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a body corporate and how did I become a member?
A body corporate comprises all of the owners of the units within a unit titled property. Each unit has its own legal title, which is transferable and mortgageable. If this sounds like you, then congratulations! You are a member of a body corporate.
The body corporate is a legal entity, made up of all of its members. The members meet annually to elect a Body Corporate Chairperson and also a Committee who are in charge of the body corporate between General Meetings. The Committee must follow any directions given to it at a General Meeting. When certain types of major issues crop up, the Body Corporate Chairperson will call an Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM), so everyone has a chance to get together and make a decision.
A common misconception we've found is that owners think Crockers 'are' the body corporate. In reality, our role is to act as a contractor to the body corporate, meaning that we provide you with services and advice as well as a few added extras. You and your fellow owners are the body corporate and the decision making power is solely in your hands.
How is a body corporate established?
A body corporate is established when a developer of a block of land deposits a unit plan with the District Land Registrar at the local office of Land Information New Zealand. At this point the owner of all of the units may be one person or an entity, that is, the developer. Often at this stage changes will be made to the rules and certain 'founding' agreements entered into, with one person controlling all of the voting power.
New owners automatically become part of the body corporate upon the settlement date of their unit/apartment. Being a member of a body corporate isn't an optional arrangement - if you own a unit/apartment in a unit titled development, you're automatically a member, with all the rights and responsibilities that come with that. Your membership doesn't stop until you sell your unit/apartment.
What does the body corporate actually do?
There are a huge number of things that a body corporate may do, but the things that the Unit Titles Act 2010 says that it must do are:
- Hold an Annual General Meeting, otherwise referred to as an AGM (in person or by mail)
- Insure all the buildings and other improvements on the land (excluding contents, which need to be covered by your or your tenants' policy) for full insurable value
- Keep the common property and building elements in good order
- Carry out the functions detailed in the rules
- Raise enough money to meet its obligations by working out its costs, and then raising levies payable by owners based on that total. The total costs are allocated to each unit on the basis of their unit's 'ownership interest or utility interest'
- Have a long-tem maintenance plan
- Have a Body Corporate Chairperson
The body corporate of course has rights and responsibilities in respect of common property and the building elements- meaning that the funds in your body corporate can't be used (except in special cases) for private or internal property matters. (See 'Understanding the Jargon' for a definition of common and private property.) This essentially means that if the body corporate has to spend money on something which is private property or a private responsibility (like cleaning up after a tenant who has caused some damage), the cost has to be recharged to the owner of that unit.
How are rules for my unit/apartment and body corporate set and where can I get copies?
Naturally - like most things in life - all bodies corporate have rules. Many of the governance issues are part of the Unit Titles Act 2010. Operational Rules can be amended by the body corporate at a General Meeting. Once agreed to, they need to be lodged at Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) so that they are noted on your title.
A copy of the Operational Rules should be with the title provided to you by your lawyer when you purchased the unit; if not we can provide you with an emailed copy with our compliments. If you'd like a hard copy we can get one to you no problem, however a small fee may apply.
The Operational Rules of the property cover such things as parking, rubbish, installation of aerials or signs, where laundry can be hung and so on - every body corporate has their own Operational Rules.